[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 15, Issue 1 (3-2012) ::
IJAL 2012, 15(1): 1-18 Back to browse issues page
Vocabulary Breadth, Depth, and Syntactic Knowledge: Which One Is a Stronger Predictor of Foreign Language Reading Performance?
Mahmood Reza Atai , Fatemeh Nikuinezhad
Abstract:   (5159 Views)
This study was designed to assess the relative contributions of vocabulary and syntactic knowledge as predictors of reading comprehension performance. It also sought to investigate the interrelationship between syntactic and word knowledge and reading comprehension performance. Participants included 159 male freshman and sophomore Iranian high school students. Data were collected through the reading section of a retired version of Preliminary English Test (2004), Vocabulary Levels Test, Word Associates Test, and Syntactic Knowledge Test. The results revealed that both grammar and vocabulary scores correlated positively with reading comprehension scores. Also, vocabulary correlated significantly with reading comprehension but not as strongly as syntactic knowledge did. Our analysis revealed that syntax explains a larger portion of the reading variance. To examine whether depth / breadth of vocabulary knowledge or syntax may have more predictive power in reading comprehension performance, multiple-regression analysis was conducted. Beta values indicated that grammar made statistically significant contribution to reading comprehension, although other variables explained the variance on the reading test. The results offer new insights into the significant mediating influence that learner’s knowledge of grammar may have in reading comprehension at low intermediate level.  
Keywords: Vocabulary depth, Vocabulary breadth, Syntactic knowledge, Reading comprehension performance, English as a Foreign Language
Full-Text [PDF 135 kb]   (2425 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Atai M R, Nikuinezhad F. Vocabulary Breadth, Depth, and Syntactic Knowledge: Which One Is a Stronger Predictor of Foreign Language Reading Performance?. IJAL. 2012; 15 (1) :1-18
URL: http://ijal.khu.ac.ir/article-1-76-en.html

Volume 15, Issue 1 (3-2012) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of Applied Linguistics
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.21 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3898